Canon George Rawlinson (23 November 1812 – 7 October 1902) was a 19th century English scholar, historian, and Christian theologian. He was born at Chadlington, Oxfordshire, and was the younger brother of Sir Henry Rawlinson.
Having taken his degree at the University of Oxford (from Trinity College) in 1838, he was elected to a fellowship at Exeter College, Oxford, in 1840, of which from 1842 to 1846 he was fellow and tutor. He was ordained in 1841, was Bampton lecturer in 1859, and was Camden Professor of Ancient History from 1861 to 1889.
In 1872 he was appointed canon of Canterbury, and after 1888 he was rector of All Hallows, Lombard Street. In 1873, he was appointed proctor in Convocation for the Chapter of Canterbury. He married Louisa, daughter of Sir RA Chermside, in 1846.His chief publications are his translation of the History of Herodotus (in collaboration with Sir Henry Rawlinson and Sir John Gardiner Wilkinson), 1858–60;
Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, 1st Baronet GCB (April 5, 1810 – March 5, 1895) was a British East India Company army officer, politician and Orientalist, sometimes described as the Father of Assyriology. Rawlinson was one of the most important figures arguing that Britain must check Russian ambitions in South Asia. He was a strong advocate of the forward policy in Afghanistan, and counselled the retention of Kandahar. He argued that Tsarist Russia would attack and absorb Khokand, Bokhara and Khiva (which they did) and warned they would invade Persia (present-day Iran) and Afghanistan as springboards to British India.
Сэр Генри Кресвик Роулинсон, англ. Henry Creswicke Rawlinson (род. 11 апреля 1810, Чэдлингтон, Оксфордшир — 5 марта 1895, Лондон) — британский археолог, ассириолог, лингвист и дипломат. Получил известность как дешифровщик персидской клинописи. Рискуя жизнью, он в 1837—1844 многократно взбирался на Бехистунскую скалу, чтобы скопировать персидскую и эламитскую части Бехистунской надписи, которую он потом дешифровал.